Scaffolding is widely used during construction and renovation activities. In its simplest form, a scaffold is any temporary elevated or suspended work surface used to support workers and/or materials. There are many types of scaffolds, both supported and suspended. Included here are general requirements for all scaffolds, as well as specific requirements for one type each of supported scaffold (tubular welded frame) and suspended scaffold (two-point suspension).
The footing of scaffolding must be sound and rigid, capable of supporting the weight. Scaffolding must not be placed on unstable objects, such as bricks or blocks.
Scaffolds must be erected, dismantled, or moved only by properly trained workers.
Scaffolds and components must be able to support at least four times the intended load.
Standard guardrails (e.g., handrail and midrail) and toeboards must be provided for all open sides of the scaffolding that are ten (10) feet or more above the surrounding surfaces.
To protect against falling objects, screens must be installed between the toeboard and midrail if anyone is required to pass under the scaffolding.
Any damaged or weakened component of a scaffold must be repaired or replaced immediately.
All planking or platforms must be overlapped a minimum of twelve (12) inches and secured from movement. Scaffold planks shall extend over their end support at least six (6) inches but no more than twelve (12) inches.
An access ladder or other safe access must be provided.